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  National Emblem of the DPRK

National Emblem of the DPRKhttp://www.naenara.com.kp/images_k/great/symbol-1-2.gif 

Report by Mohammed Younus Siddiqui

The DPRK’s national emblem shows a grand hydroelectric power station under Mt. Paektu, the sacred mountain of the Korean revolution, and the beams of a five-pointed red star, with ears of rice forming an oval frame and bound with a red ribbon bearing the inscription, “The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.”

Mt. Paektu and the five-pointed red star and its beams represent the brilliant revolutionary traditions of the glorious anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle inherited by the DPRK government as well as the bright prospect of the Korean people making vigorous advance for the reunification and independence of their country and the victory in the cause of socialism.

The hydroelectric power station and the ears of rice symbolize the might of the DPRK’s industry and agriculture and the prospect of their development, and the plan for building socialism and a powerful independent national economy.

The oval frame bound with the red ribbon represents the eternity of invincible single-minded unity of the Korean people around the WPK and their leader and the prosperity of their country and its promising future.

National Flag of the DPRK

The five-point red star symbolizes the traditions of the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle led by President Kim Il Sung and the prospect of the country, and the red panel represents the Korean people’s loyalty to the Party and the leader, their socialist patriotism, their indomitable fighting spirit and their invincible might of single-minded unity.

The white circle and the white stripe represent that the Korean people are a homogeneous nation and that they are a heroic people.

The two blue stripes reflect the ardent desire of the Korean people to make staunch efforts for peace, democracy, national independence and victory of the socialist cause by closely uniting with the revolutionary peoples around the world under the banner of anti-imperialist independence.

National Flower of the DPRK

Mokran (Magnolia) is the national flower of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

It is a deciduous shrub or a high tree belonging to the magnolia family which grows together with other trees. Its habitats are mountain valleys, mountain hips and other wetlands everywhere in Korea except some areas in North Hamgyong, Ryanggang and Jagang provinces.

It grows as high as 2-5 metres. Usually several trunks come out of the root neck and seldom a single truck grows just like a small tree.

Its bark is grayish white and relatively smooth. Young branches are thickly covered with brown hairs.

Leaves alternate and have short leafstalks. They are 12-14 cm long and 5-10 cm wide. Some are bigger, 25 cm long and 15 cm wide.

By May and June white fragrant blossoms hang down their heads slightly downwards or sideways. This plant is in full bloom between late May and mid-July. In early and mid-July it almost withers away.


National Bird of the DPRK

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea regards the Eurasian goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) as its national bird, which the Korean people have loved for ages.

As a settled species living in the Mt. Paektu area and other mountainous regions of Korea, it belongs to the eagle family of the stork-heron order.

Characterized by a sharp beak, strong claws and observing eyes, the male reaches 50 cm in length, while the female about 56 cm. It is about 1 kg in weight with 30-cm-long wings.

It varies in colour; most of the male birds are black on the top and back of the head, dark brown on the wing feathers and nape, and white and dark brown streaks on the chest and belly. The tail is rather long, and the female’s is longer than the male’s.

It usually resides in the northern mountainous regions of Korea and moves to central and southern areas in autumn for wintering. The species is widely distributed in the central and northern parts of the Eurasian continent and in North America. When the breeding season comes, it makes a dish-shaped nest on a tall tree and lays three to four light green or blue eggs. It breeds once a year. It mainly preys upon pheasants, small birds, hares and ducks.

As it is agile and intrepid in action, it has been used in pheasant hunting.



National Dog of the DPRK

Korea with beautiful mountains and clear water has many well-known endemic animals.

Among them is the Phungsan dog which is known as a specialty of Korea since ancient times.

The home of the Phungsan is the area of Kim HyongGwon County in Ryanggang Province, which was called Phungsan in the past. Hence, the name of the dog Phungsan.

The Phungsan is clever and nimble and fights its rival to the end. Especially the dog trained for hunting is good at watching and follows its master like a shadow in mountains. When a rival appears, the dog fights harder than other species of dogs. The dog is characterized by the obstinacy of not freeing its rival once its teeth take the enemy´s throat and by the stubbornness of not stepping back once a fight starts.

The dog with thick and strong hind legs runs fast in mountains as well. The eyes are comparatively small and their pupils are black or grey. Veins are clear in the whites of the eyes and the eyes are reddish and bright. The comparatively small ears are pricked forward or sideways. The neck is thick and short and well-developed. The belly of the she-dog seems to be a little droopy.

The belly of the he-dog is high compared with that of the she-dog. So it is convenient for quick movement. The tail is coiled up on the hip. The four legs are comparatively short and the hind legs of some have additional toes and others not. The wool is white in the main and some light yellowish brown. The male is about 55 centimetres tall and the female about 53 centimetres. The male is 24 to 25 kilograms heavy and 28 kilograms at maximum and the female 22 to 23 kilograms and about 27 kilograms at maximum. The dog is in pup for 60 days, pups five to six at a brood and suckles them for 45 to 50 days. It stands cold and various diseases well and is omnivorous. The pure breed is kept by pure propagation.

In Korea the Phungsan has been registered as a national living monument to keep its characteristics.


National Tree of the DPRK

The pine is a tall, needle-leaved tree which makes a moderate demand on soil. The species grows in the vast areas of Korea under 800 m above sea level—except the alpine regions in the northern part of the country. From olden times the Koreans used it for building materials, and its seeds, leaves, barks, resin, sap, sprouts and pollen to make foods and medicines.

The Koreans’ special attachment to the tree does not come from its utility alone. They have regarded it as the symbol of their national spirit and mettle, because it stands staunchly despite all rigours of nature while preserving its green foliage in all seasons. Many poets and painters of Korea chose the tree for the subject of their poems, songs, murals and other works of arts. According to old records, Solgo, a renowned painter in the 8th century, painted an old pine tree on the wall of the Hwangryong Temple so wonderfully that it was enough to make birds fall down from the wall when they tried to alight on it. Many masterpieces by the Korean artists like Kim Hong Do, RiInMun and Kim Jong Hui show pine trees. And many of the names of mountains and places in the country are associated with the pine. Wang Kon, founder king of Koryo (918–1392), saw to it that pine trees were planted all about Kaesong as befits the capital city of the dynasty, and named a mountain in it Mt Songak meaning the mountain of pine trees.

The poem Green Pine on Nam Hill composed by Kim HyongJik, the outstanding leader of the anti-Japanese national liberation movement in Korea, became a famous song widely chanted by the Korean people. During the Japanese imperialists’ military occupation of Korea (1905–1945) he devoted all his life to the struggle to win back the country’s independence and sovereignty. He put forward the idea of “Jiwon” (Aim High), which maintained that it was necessary to cultivate national strength if they were to repulse the Japanese imperialists and achieve the independence of the country and that, to this end, it was essential to keep a high ambition. In the autumn of 1918 he made the poem, which reflected his faith and determination.

Now the Korean people love to sing pine-themed songs to show their spirit, while vigorously advancing forward along the road of independence and socialism and resolutely frustrating the imperialists’ moves of isolation and suffocation. The song I Think, Looking at You, produced in 1994, gives an emotional and profound depiction of the spirit of Korea by the description of the staunch appearance of the pine tree which sways invariably with green foliage even in the stormy winter or leaf-fallen autumn. The pine is the national tree of the DPRK. The custom of planting the pine on holidays, wedding days and other significant occasions is carried on continuously.

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